Expand for my submissions
- Nicholas Carr, ” The Shallows” (Watchdog and the Thief excerpt) & “Is Google Making Us Stupid?” from the Atlantic
- Nicholas believes the mind is being trained to absorb information as quickly as it obtains information on the Internet. While he does see it as a boon to society and does commend it for being one, he sees it is not good for long term processing & maintaining of information. Its effect on the brevity of our attention spans has been translated into the way media decorates itself. He is more neutral on media in the way he acknowledges both its benefits and distractions.
- Neil Postman. “The Huxleyan Warning,” from Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business
- Neil Postman warns that Internet could swallow us whole, inviting a prison culture where we surrender all personal individualism for its sake of convenience. He also notes that philosophers never could have anticipated it because such a captivating medium never existed. Therefore, there is no slate of parables that can directly apply to handling the trend of this wave of new media. He is more pessimistic in this way.
- Sherry Turkle. “The Flight From Conversation,” The New York Times
- Sherry Turkle notes that we are beginning to expect more from technology than we do from one another. Media helps us be together alone: an oxymoron turned reality. Conversations are thinned by our attention spans. Sherry is pessimistic due to society becoming dependent on technology and detached from human interaction.
- Ian Bogost. “Introduction to How To Do Things with Video Games.” (Empathy excerpt)
- Bogost marvels at the way video games imprint unattainable experiences into our minds. A person can vicariously perform anything in a simulated video game rather than in exercising the real-life equivalent, where there may be improbable or unsavory risk. This is an exploratory medium where stories can progress in character development rather than existing as static parables. He is rather optimistic about this opportunity new media provides.
- Clay Shirky. “Here Comes Everybody,” Chapter 1 Henry Jenkins. “Convergence Culture” (Introduction excerpt)
- Clay sees the beauty of Internet not in connection of one to another alone but connection from one to another to another to one to another. We will all become journalists and all converge into one society where the way we interact changes but the content of those interactions is expanded. The things once reserved for a trained group of elites are now diffusing into amateur realms thanks to the readiness of new media. He does not paint this as an evil thing; rather, he spends time outlining how media connects a possibly separated society. This implies he is more optimistic than not.
- Marshall McLuhan
- Marshall McLuhan Believed media would break the standard of linear thought and create a jungle off interconnected thinkers from a circle of perspectives rather than a plotted linear one. He knew mediums altered the messages they delivered. No medium is an empty tunnel for a message to travel through; rather, it is an impressionable format that shapes the way messages are displayed and perceived. He envisioned what would come from the Internet’s ubiquity. His calculated & carefully constructed beliefs were neither pessimistic nor optimistic alone.
- Lev Manovich
- Lev Manovich is deeply interested in highlighting the differences between old and new media. He is professorial and intellectual, painting mechanics of media in a personaly reflective and descriptive way. He emphasizes the conceptual difference from old and new media – not just the dynamic between analog and digital. One can infer that his attention called to the functionality of new media means he is optimistic about the way it revolutionizes the exercises we once performed with old media.
- Henry Jenkins
- Jenkins tackles the convergence of current consumers of media. Noting a “participatory culture”, he describes that old media created consumers on the outside looking in. With new media, consumers are on the inside with no “outside” to look back on. He prophesizes that this change is inevitable and that it is not an easy transition, but it is possible with cooperation. He presents himself as a skeptic of new media’s benefits through his analysis, so one can infer that he is at least not overtly optimistic about the struggle it wraps us in.